A Revista Cadernos de Cultura e Ciência é de caráter nacional e multidisciplinar, cadastrada com o ISSN 1980-5861.

Comentários do leitor

유흥주점 상남동 한국매니저 노래연습장 술값 정보

por Kay Truchanas (2022-08-15)

South Korea's rapid financial development has suggested some shocking adjustments within its conservative social framework, consisting of the increase of supposed host bars, where well-off women pay the matching of countless dollars for male company.

In the dark light of an underground area, a dozen perfectly groomed young men stoop in rows, calling out their names.

Muscular, with glossy boy-band hairdos, they stuff side by side right into the slim area, waiting on us to make our choice. Outdoors in the corridor, more of their coworkers are showing up for another night at the workplace. It is 2am, as well as we are their very first customers.

Hidden under the pavements of Seoul's ritziest postcode, Gangnam, the guys at Bar 123 become part of a growing market, which outgrew the lengthy practices of Japanese geisha and Korea's kisaeng homes however with one vital difference - the customers right here are all women.

Referred to as "host bars", these all-night drinking spaces use female customers the chance to choose and also pay for male buddies, often at a price of countless extra pounds a night.

One of the women I satisfy at Bar 123 is Minkyoung, a waitressing supervisor for a luxury hotel. Once or 상남동노래방 가격 two times a month, she says she comes to host bars.

The attraction of host bars can be subtle. Right here, she says, she has more interest from her male buddies, more choice and also, crucially, more control.

" In regular bars the individuals who drink with me have just one goal - to have a casual sex. But I don't desire that, so that's why I come below, I intend to have a good time," she claims.

Hosts are hired by bars similar to this one to provide friendship as well as enjoyment. Formally that means putting beverages for their consumers, dancing and speaking with them, and also singing karaoke.

Host bar in Seoul
Sex is not officially available in most host bars. That would certainly be illegal yet even Minkyoung appears satisfied to touch as well as flirt with her host, as well as the men here approximate that around half the clients desire to pay for sex, either on or off the premises.

James has actually been functioning at Bar 123 for a number of years. In Korean culture, he says, there is a great deal of satisfaction and negotiating a cost for sex is never ever done clearly. Instead, he tells me, it is all down to the host's own evaluation.

" The guys here are pros - we understand what we're doing," he states.

" After speaking to a woman for a hr we basically know how much cash she makes as well as what she does for a living. We've currently evaluated her character and what she agrees to offer."

James and various other hosts say their consumers consist of some of South Korea's elite, which the cash and rewards available are incredible. One client James met, throughout his first week in the job, asked him to authorize himself over to her for two years.

" She stated 'allow's make a contract. I've obtained this paper and also I've numbered it 1-5. Whatever you jot down next to those numbers, I'll obtain you.'".

James claims at the time he took it as a joke but since figured out the same female invested ₤ 60,000 ($ 97,000) on one more hos

" If it occurred currently, I would certainly do it - I 'd be believing straight.

Actually perhaps, host bars grew out of among Korea's most entrenched and, some state, misogynist service practices - the area beauty parlor. These are personal drinking rooms where teams of guys choose, and also are served by, eye-catching women {hostesses|people hosting

It was the {hostesses|people hosting}' {need|requirement|demand} {to {let|allow}|to allow} off {steam|heavy steam|vapor} after {work|job}, {says|states|claims} {veteran|professional|expert} host Kim Dong-hee, that {created|produced|developed} the {initial|preliminary|first} {demand|need} for host bars, with all-male {staff|personnel|team

{" What these {hostesses|people hosting} {want|desire} is to [make us] do the {same|exact same|very same} {thing|point} they {had to|needed to} {do in|perform in|carry out in} their {own|very own} {workplace|work environment|office}. These {girls|women|ladies} are {forced|required|compelled} to do {things|points} they {don't|do not} {{want|desire} to|wish to|intend to} {do for|provide for} {money|cash}.|These {girls|women|ladies} are {forced|required|compelled} to do {things|points} they {don't|do not} {want|desire} to do for {money|cash}

" I {think|believe|assume} {{a lot|a great deal|a whole lot} of|a great deal of} them are in {pain|discomfort}, {and|as well as|and also} {a lot|a great deal|a whole lot} {feel|really feel} {lonely|lonesome}. {{Simply|Just|Merely} {put|placed}|Basically|Put simply}, they {{want|desire} to|wish to|intend to} {buy|purchase|get|acquire} our time {and|as well as|and also} our bodies.

{Hostesses|People hosting} still {make up|comprise|compose} {a large|a big|a huge} {percentage|portion|percent} of the {customers|clients|consumers} at host bars {here|right here|below}, {but|however|yet} at Bar 123, {for {example|instance}|for instance|as an example}, {up to|as much as|approximately} 40% of the {customers|clients|consumers} on {a given|a provided|an offered} {night|evening} are {now|currently} from {other|various other} {{walks|strolls} of life|profession

The {reasons|factors} for that {growing|expanding} {appeal|charm|allure} are {{tied|connected|linked} up|bound|locked up} in South Korea's {rapid|fast|quick} {economic|financial} {rise|increase|surge}. Within 50 years, the {country|nation} {shifted|moved|changed} from post-war {devastation|destruction} to OECD {member|participant

{{But|However|Yet}, according to Jasper Kim, head of the Asia-Pacific Global Research Group in Seoul, something {important|essential|crucial|vital} was {lost|shed} {along the {way|method|means}|in the process|along the road}.|According to Jasper Kim, head of the Asia-Pacific Global Research Group in Seoul, something {important|essential|crucial|vital} was {lost|shed} along the {way|method|means}

" I {think|believe|assume} that with all this {fast|quick|rapid} {growth|development} comes {fast|quick|rapid} {change|modification|adjustment}, {and|as well as|and also} Koreans {just|simply} {don't|do not} {know|understand|recognize} {how|exactly how|just how} to {{cope|deal} with|deal with|handle|manage} it. {Increasingly|Progressively|Significantly}, {capitalism|industrialism|commercialism} is {overtaking|surpassing} {basic|fundamental|standard} {societal|social} {norms|standards} that you {would|would certainly} {expect|anticipate} {{a couple|a pair} of|a number of} {decades|years} {ago|back|earlier}.

Jasper Kim {says|states|claims} South Korea's {notoriously|infamously} {long|lengthy} {working|functioning} {hours|hrs} {have|have actually} left {many|numerous|lots of|several} Korean {women|ladies|females} {feeling|really feeling} {lonely|lonesome}, while the {country|nation}'s {technical|technological} {advance|advancement|development|breakthrough} {has|has actually} left {{many|numerous|lots of|several} {people|individuals}|lots of people|many individuals} {feeling|really feeling} {detached|removed|separated

" The human {element|aspect|component} of Korean {society|culture} that existed {before|previously|in the past} {simply|just|merely} {doesn't|does not} exist today. {People|Individuals} are {{focused|concentrated} on|concentrated on} {technology|innovation|modern technology}, {people|individuals} are {{focused|concentrated} on|concentrated on} their {jobs|tasks|work}, they aren't {{focused|concentrated} on|concentrated on} human {relations|connections|relationships} {anymore|any longer

" In {many|numerous|lots of|several} {ways|methods|means}, Korean {society|culture} today {kind of|type of|sort of} {reminds|advises} me of 1960s {society|culture} in the {US|United States}, where it's on the {verge|brink|edge} of some {{type|kind} of|kind of|sort of} {cultural|social} {revolution|transformation|change}.

The {grandfather|grandpa} of Seoul's host bar scene, Kim Dong-hee, {agrees|concurs} that {{many|numerous|several} of|a lot of|a number of|much of|most of} the {women|ladies|females} {who|that} {come to|concern|pertain to|involve} host bars are not {paying for|spending for} sex {{but|however|yet} for|however, for|but also for} {companionship|friendship}, which is why he {opened|opened up} {a new|a brand-new} chain of freshly-marketed {outlets|electrical outlets} {{aimed|intended} at|targeted at|focused on} the mainstream market - called Red Model Bar

Red Model Bar host

{Image|Picture|Photo} {caption|subtitle|inscription}

Hosts at Red Model Bars can not touch {clients|customers

" Men {{want|desire} to|wish to|intend to} have {visual|aesthetic} {pleasure|enjoyment|satisfaction} {and|as well as|and also} {{want|desire} to|wish to|intend to} {feel|really feel} {things|points}, they're {tactile|responsive}. {Women|Ladies|Females} like to {talk|speak|chat} {and|as well as|and also} to {listen|pay attention}. {{And|As well as|And also} that|Which}'s why I {{thought|believed|assumed} of|thought about|considered} {opening|opening up} a bar {like this|such as this|similar to this} - {a kind of|a type of|a sort of} {dialogue|discussion} bar.

Red Model Bars are {different|various} to {traditional|conventional|standard|typical} host bars in one {key|essential|crucial|vital} {respect|regard} - there is a no-touching {rule|guideline|policy|regulation}. Hosts {{sit|rest} on|rest on|remain on} one side of the table, {customers|clients|consumers} on the {other|various other}, {and|as well as|and also} no physical {contact|get in touch with|call} is {allowed|enabled|permitted}, {and|as well as|and also} {certainly|definitely|absolutely} no se

{Perhaps|Possibly|Maybe|Probably} {as {a result|an outcome}|consequently|because of this|therefore} there is {a lack|an absence} of furtiveness {among|amongst} {the {people|individuals}|individuals} {who|that} {work|function} or {drink|consume|consume alcohol} {here|right here|below} - the lights are {low|reduced}, the {decor|design|decoration|style} {mainly|primarily|generally|mostly} dark red {and|as well as|and also} the {space|area|room} is {divided|split|separated} {into|right into} {discreet|very discreet} {booths|cubicles}, {but|however|yet} it is an open-plan {room|space|area} {and|as well as|and also} {hosts {and|as well as|and also} {customers|clients|consumers}|{customers|clients|consumers} {and|as well as|and also} hosts} are {divided|split|separated} in each {booth|cubicle} by {a large|a big|a huge} tabl

This {new|brand-new} {business|company|service|organization} {model|design|version} depends {entirely|completely|totally} on {women|ladies|females} paying the {equivalent|matching} of hundreds {or {even|also}|and even|or perhaps} {thousands of|countless|hundreds of} {dollars|bucks} to {{talk|speak|chat} to|speak with|speak to|talk with} {good-looking|attractive|fine-looking} {young {men|guys|males}|boys} over {a drink|a beverage}. Still, it {seems|appears} to be {working|functioning} - {three|3} {new|brand-new} branches {are due to|are because of|result from} open this yea

{Sitting|Resting} at a table at one end of {the bar|bench} {was one of|was among|was just one of} their {regular|routine|normal} {customers|clients|consumers}, {a florist|a flower shop|a flower designer|a floral designer} called Kim Nayu. She {tells|informs} me she comes {here|right here|below} {every day|daily|each day|everyday|on a daily basis} to {meet|satisfy|fulfill} her {favourite|preferred|much-loved|favorite} host {and|as well as|and also} {discuss|talk about|go over|review} {issues|problems|concerns} she is {having at|contending} {work|job

The {price|cost|rate} for this {slice|piece} of male {attention|interest|focus} is $487-650 (₤ 300-400) a

" Talking to {friends|buddies|pals|good friends|close friends} {would|would certainly} be {cheaper|less expensive|more affordable|less costly}" she {admits|confesses}, "{but|however|yet} they {don't|do not} {listen|pay attention} as much. They're {busy|hectic|active}, {and|as well as|and also} {in {a hurry|a rush}|quickly} to {{talk|speak|chat} {about|regarding|concerning}|discuss|speak about} themselves. {Here|Right here|Below}, {people|individuals} {will|will certainly} {pay {attention|interest|focus} to|take note of|focus on|take notice of} me {and|as well as|and also} they'll {listen|pay attention} to m

" I {spend|invest} {{a lot|a great deal|a whole lot} of|a great deal of} {money|cash} {but|however|yet} it{'s worth| deserves} it {for what|of what|wherefore} I {get|obtain} {emotionally|mentally|psychologically}. {People|Individuals} pay {to go to|to visit|to head to} see {a psychologist|a psycho therapist} or {psychiatrist|psychoanalyst}, so it's {similar|comparable} {but|however|yet} {less|much less} {stressful|difficult|demanding

Nayu's {favourite|preferred|much-loved|favorite} host Sung-il {says|states|claims} it can be {hard|difficult|tough} to {keep|maintain} his {{personal|individual} {and|as well as|and also} {professional|expert|specialist}|{professional|expert|specialist} {and|as well as|and also} {personal|individual}} life {separate|differe

" Honestly I {'d| would certainly} be {lying|existing} if I {say|state|claim} I {haven't|have not} been {tempted|lured|attracted} to take {things|points} {further|even more|additionally|better} with some {customers|clients|consumers}, {because|since|due to the fact that} we're human, we're {men|guys|males}, {but|however|yet} there are {rules|guidelines|policies|regulations

{One of|Among} his {customers|clients|consumers} {{talked|spoke|chatted} {a lot|a great deal|a whole lot}|yapped} to her {husband|hubby|spouse|other half|partner} {about|regarding|concerning} him {and|as well as|and also} when the {three|3} of them {met|satisfied|fulfilled}, Sung-il {and|as well as|and also} the {husband|hubby|spouse|other half|partner} {became|ended up being|came to be} {close {friends|buddies|pals|good friends}|friends|buddi

" No one {hides|conceals} - the {workers|employees} {don't|do not} {hide|conceal} that they {work|function} {here|right here|below}, {and|as well as|and also} {customers|clients|consumers} can be open {too|as well|also

This {openness|visibility} is {posing|positioning|presenting|posturing} {a new|a brand-new} {kind of|type of|sort of} {challenge|difficulty|obstacle} to South Korean {society|culture}, {different|various} from the {sometimes|in some cases|often|occasionally} {seedy|sleazy|shabby} {underworld|abyss} of {traditional|conventional|standard|typical} host bars {and|as well as|and also} their hinterland of male {prostitution|hooki

By {offering|providing|using|supplying} {women|ladies|females} a "{respectable|reputable|decent|commendable}" {way|method|means} to {challenge|test} {traditional|conventional|standard|typical} {gender|sex} {roles|functions|duties} {and|as well as|and also} {flex|bend} their {economic|financial} power, these {new|brand-new} bars ask {questions|concerns|inquiries} of Korean {society|culture} that are {becoming|ending up being|coming to be} {harder|more difficult|more challenging|tougher} to {ignore|disregard|neglect|overlo

{Hear|Listen to} the {full|complete} {report|record} on BBC Radio 4's Crossing Continents. You can {listen|pay attention} {via|through|by means of|using} the Radio 4 {website|site|web site|internet site} or {via|through|by means of|using} the Crossing Continents podc


The {allure|appeal|attraction} of host bars can be {subtle|refined}. {Here|Right here|Below}, she {says|states|claims}, she has {more|even more} {attention|interest|focus} from her male {companions|buddies|friends}, {more|even more} {choice|option|selection} {and|as well as|and also}, {crucially|most importantly}, {more|even more} cont

James {has|has actually} been {working|functioning} at Bar 123 for {a couple|a pair} of years. {Instead|Rather}, he {tells|informs} me, it is all down to the host's {own|very own} {assessment|evaluation|analys

{And|As well as|And also} that's why I {thought|believed|assumed} of {opening|opening up} a bar like this - a kind of {dialogue|discussion} bar.".

ISSN: 1980-5861