THE MASQUERADE: HUMOR, REALITY AND FICTION IN HENRY FIELDING’S WORKS

Raphael Valim da Mota Silva (USP)

Resumo


The eighteenth century was a decisive period for the rise and consolidation of the English novel. Considering Henry Fielding’s (1707-1754) importance in such process, this article aims to analyze the relationship between fiction and reality in some of his works — with emphasis on Joseph Andrews (1742) and its preface, but also considering Shamela (1741) and Tom Jones (1749). For such relationship, the construction of humor or comic is crucial, because the affectation is, in Fielding's view, the only source of the true ridiculousness present in the world. It is through affectation that fiction and reality come together in their idiosyncrasies and interpenetrations, which allows Fielding to subvert and raise to absurdity the quest for factuality that was common to novels at the time.



Referências


BAINES, Paul. “Joseph Andrews”. In: RAWSON, Claude (Org.). The Cambridge Companion to Henry Fielding. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007. pp. 50-64.

BAKHTIN, Mikhail. “Epic and Novel: Towards a Methodology for the Study of the Novel”. In: The Dialogic Imagination. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1982.

EAGLETON, Terry. “Henry Fielding and Samuel Richardson”. In: The English Novel: An Introduction. Malden: Brackwell Publishing, 2005. pp. 43-59.

FIELDING, Henry. An apology for the life of Mrs. Shamela Andrews. New Delhi: Prabhat Prakashan, 2010.

________. Joseph Andrews. New York: Norton & Company, 1958.

________. “Love in several masques”. In: Complete Works of Henry Fielding. Hastings: Delphi Classics, 2013.

________. “The masquerade”. In: Complete Works of Henry Fielding. Hastings: Delphi Classics, 2013.

________. Tom Jones. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

FRIEDMAN, Norman. “O ponto de vista na ficção: o desenvolvimento de um conceito crítico”. Revista USP, (53), 2002, p. 166-182.

MCKEON, Michael. “Generic Transformation and Social Change: Rethinking the Rise of the Novel”. In: Cultural Critique, nº. 1 (Autumn, 1985). Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press, 1985.

PIRANDELLO, Luigi. “On humour”. In: The Tulane Drama Review. vol. 10, nº. 3 (Spring, 1996), pp. 46-59.

WATT, Ian. The rise of the novel. London: Chatto and Windus, 1957.


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